A slice of Bonaire’s History. After World War II, the islanders began to press for greater autonomy. Self-rule was granted by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands in 1954, although the Antilles remained a Dutch protectorate. Independence brought a greater emphasis on tourism. Bonaire, already a favorite of soldiers and officers, gained in popularity when Queen Juliana visited the island in 1944 with Eleanor Roosevelt.
Since 2010, Bonaire is considered a special municipality of the Netherlands together with Saba and Sint Eustatius and a part of the Dutch Caribbean.